About Lung Disease

Taking a Look at Lung Disease

ASTHMA: Asthma is a chronic (long-term) disease that makes it hard to breathe. Asthma can't be cured, but it can be managed. With proper treatment, people with asthma can lead normal, active lives.

COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is a long-term lung disease usually caused by smoking. COPD includes a few lung diseases: the most common are chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Many people with COPD have both.

BRONCHIECTASIS: Bronchiectasis is an abnormal widening of one or more airways. Extra mucus is made in the abnormal airways which is prone to infection. The main symptom is a cough which produces a lot of sputum.

LUNG CANCER: Lung cancer is a cancer that starts in the lungs. Cancer is a disease where cancerous cells grow out of control, taking over normal cells and organs in the body.

SLEEP APNOEA: Obstructive sleep apnoea is a serious breathing problem that interrupts your sleep. Sufferers can stop breathing hundreds of times each night. If it's not treated, it can lead to major health problems, accidents and early death.

TUBERCULOSIS: Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that can affect your lungs and other parts of your body. With proper treatment, people with TB can be cured of the infection.

Did You Know?

Respiratory disease is the 2nd biggest killer globally after cardiovascular disease.

25% of hospital admissions are of a respiratory nature.

There are 40 types of lung disease requiring treatment.

The impact of lung diseases remains as large today as it was at the turn of the century and is likely to remain so for several decades.

Warning Signs of Lung Disease

Is it normal?

A cough that won't go away, or shortness of breath during normal activity may be signs of lung problems. Always check with your doctor as soon as possible if you have a concern.


Treatment of respiratory disease depends on the particular disease being treated, the severity of the disease and the patient. Regular exercise and healthy nutrition are important in preventing and treating respiratory disease. In addition, the following treatments are often used for respiratory diseases: medication, physiotherapy, oxygen, mechanical ventilation and pulmonary ventilation.

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